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Lesson Objective: When giving ten sentences, students will correctly differentiate between simile and metaphor with 100% accuracy.

Anticipatory Set: As anticipatory set, students will be told that similar to how artists use colors to paint visual pictures that you can see with your eyes, authors use their words to make mental pictures for you as readers to see in your minds. This is what we call figurative language. Today we will be looking at how using figurative language can make reading more fun! The more you know about figurative language and how and when to use it, the more fun you’ll have writing and reading stories! Students will then be presented with several pictures of exaggerated characters and told to create a sentence to tell what describe what is in the picture. For example,


His arms were long a wiggly.

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Then we will discuss how figurative language can make their sentences come alive. One way to do that is to use simile and metaphor.

Lesson Opening:

Today we will be focusing on metaphors and similes. Metaphors are direct comparisons of two things you normally wouldn’t think were alike. For example, if I say My dog is such a couch potato. My dog isn’t really a potato. I’m just comparing him to a potato because like a potato that just sits in the soil, my dog just sits on the couch. nest we will look at some examples of simile. Such as, she was as bright as the sun and he slept like bear.

Lesson Body: Students will then be given the opportunity to explore the use of metaphors through paired share as they work on problems presented on the smartboard in which they would have to identify whether the sentence is a metaphor and if so what two things are being compared in each metaphor. As a group we will turn their sentences into examples of simile and metaphor.

Evaluation: As evaluation, students will take correctly differentiate between simile and metaphor with 100% when presented with ten testing statements.
Extended practice:
Students will work in pairs to turn their sentences from the anticipartory set into examples of simile and metaphor.



Similes and metaphors are both ways of comparing two unlike things. In this powerpoint, we will explore how to identify similes and metaphors.